MORPHOMETRIC PROPERTIES OF ALLAGADDA AREA, KURNOOL DISTRICT, ANDHRA PRADESH, INDIA. USING CARTOSAT-1 DEM WITH GIS
AbstractRemote sensing and GIS has effective tools used for analyse the Morphometric properties of the drainage basin in Allagadda region. It is located in latitudes 780.40â€™ E and 780.70â€™E longitudes -150.40â€™N and 140.90â€™N. The Morphometric parameters like linear, aerial and relief aspects of the river basin were determined and computed. Stream network, flow direction, flow accumulation, slope, aspects and contour have been prepared using Arc GIS 9.3 with Cartosat-1 DEM. The catchment area has 6th order of basin and drainage pattern mainly sub dendritic and parallel type. Subdendritic drainage pattern has represented less structural control and parallel drainage pattern suggest that gentle slope and less resistant bed rock. The area is occupied by Kurnool super group of rocks (Quartzites, limestone and sandstone). The results indicated that drainage density (2.5), Stream Frequency (7.67), Form Factor (0.46), Elongated ratio (0.76) and Circularity ratio (0.53).Bifurcation ratio (2.25).Â Which are suggested that the circulation ratio value indicate that the watershed is elongated in shape and highly permeable. Bifurcation ratio value represented very hard surface and terrain, and different in geological composition which might increase the hazard of floods. The study reveals that the highly vulnerable Drought area.
Yeung K.W Albert C. P. Lo. .2007 Concepts and Techniques of â€œGeographic Information systemsâ€ 2nd ed. Published by Pearson Education, Inc, Publishing as Pearson prentice Hall.
Maidment, D.R. (1993) Gis modern hyrological modelingâ€ in Enviromental modeling with Gis, by Good child, M.R. Prarks, B.O. and Steyaert, L.T. eds. Pp 147-167 Oxford University Press.
Horton, R.E (1945), â€œErosional Development of Streams and their Drainage Basinsâ€, Bulletin of the Geological Society of America, 56, pp-275-370.
Strahler, A. N., (1964) â€œQuantitative Geomorphology of Drainage basins and channel networksâ€, In V. T. Chow (Ed.), New York: McGraw Hill., Handbook of Applied Hydrology. pp 4, 39 and 76.
Kuldeep Pareta, Upasana Pareta (2011) â€œQuantitative Morphometric Analysis Of A Watershed Of Yamuna Basin, India Using Aster (Dem) Data And Gisâ€ International Journal Of Geomatics And Geosciences Volume 2, No 1.
Praveen Raj Saxena. A and Prasad N.S.R. (2008) Integrated land and water resources conservation and management development plan using Remote sensing and Gis of R.R. District, Andhra Pradesh. India.
Babar, Md. (2001) Hydrogeomorphological studies by Remote sensing application in Akoli watershed (Jintur) Prabhani dist., Maharashtra, India. Spatial information Technology, Remote sensing and GIS-ICORG, Vol-II pp 137-143.
Pawar-Patil V.S, and Sagar P. (2013) Mali Watershed Characterization And Prioritization Of Tulasi Subwatershed: A Geospatial Approach International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology Vol. 2, Issue 6, June
Hachem Aouragh My, and Ali Essahlaoui (2014) Morphometric Analysis Of A Guigou Sub- Watershed, Sebou Basin, Middle Atlas, Morocco Using GIS Based ASTER (DEM) Image International Journal Of Innovative Research In Science, Engineering And Technology Vol. 3, Issue 4,
King, W. 1972. The Cuddaph and Kurnool formations in Madras Presidency. Mem. Geol. Sur. India, 8, Part 1, 1-346.
Strahler, A.N (1952), â€œHypsometric Analysis of Erosional Topographyâ€, Bulletin of the Geological Society of America, 63, pp 1117-42.
Muralikrishnan S., B.Narender, Shashivardhan Reddy And Abhijit Pillai â€œEvaluation Of Indian National Dem From Cartosat-1 Dataâ€ Indian Space Research Organisation, National Remote Sensing Center, Hyderabad-625, Summary Report (Ver.1) September 2011.
Shamurailatpam Ashalata Sharma 2014 â€œMorphometrical Analysis Of Imphal River Basin Using Gisâ€ International Journal of Geology, Earth & Environmental Sciences2014 Vol. 4 (2) May-August, pp. 138-144.
Schumm S. A, (1956), "Evolution of drainage systems and slopes in badlands at Perth Amboy, New Jersey", Geological Society of America, Bulletin, 67, 597-646.
Burrough, P. A. and McDonell, R.A., 1998. Principles of Geographical Information Systems (Oxford University Press, New York), p. 190.
Horton, R.E. (1932) Drainage basin characteristics, Trans. Amer. Geophys. Union., 13, pp 350-361.
Singh .S and P. Singh, (2011), "Basin Morphometry of Maingra River,district Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh, India", International Journal of Geology and Geocience, 1, 891-902.
Miller, V.C (1953), a Quantitative Geomorphic Study of Drainage basin Characteristics in the Clinch Mountains area, Virginia and Tennessee, Proj. NR pp. 389402, Tech Rep 3, Columbia University, Department of geology, ONR, New York.
Magesh N.S, K. V. Jitheshlal, N. Chandrasekar, and K. V. Jini, (2013), "Geographical information system-based morphometric analysis of Bharathapuzha river basin, Kerala, India", Applied Water Science, 3,467-477.
ESIR (2000) Environmental Systems Research Institute. Inc., Help Topics, Arcview Help,, version 3.2
Sudheer A.S (1986), hydrogeology of the Upper Araniar River basin, Chittor district,Andhra Predesh, India. Unpublished Ph.D. Thesis, Sri Venkateswara Univ., Tirupati.