A STUDY ON THE VOLATILE OIL AND PHENOLICS OF THE FRUITING SPIKES OF WILD PEPPER (PIPER PEEPULOIDES ROXB.)

M. Daniel

Abstract


Wild Pepper (Piper peepuloides Roxb),  is an evergreen climber which grows wild in tropical evergreen forests of North eastern India, the fruiting spikes of which are used as a substitute of long pepper. In the present work, the fruiting spikes of this plant are studied for the volatile oil constituents and phenolics. The volatile oil was rich in sesquiterpenes like farnesol, α-cubebene,  caryophyllene etc. Other chemical constituents of the spikes are flavonoids (in traces), phenolic acids such as syringic and melilotic acids.  Coumarins, proanthocyanidins, tannins and iridoids were found to be absent in the fruit. In chemical constituents Wild pepper is very similar to long pepper for which it is substituted. 

Key Words:  Wild Pepper, Piper peepuloides,  Sesquiterpenes, Phenolics

 

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